Equipment for a Radio Station | Complete List

Radio Station equipment are broadly classified into two categories:

1. Transmission Equipment

2. Studio Equipment

While the list could be endless, here I will brief you about the list of equipment that will get a radio station up and going on a shoe string budget. (some thing that even suits typical college radio stations as well with a moderate transmission radius to cover approximately one city)

To keep it sweet and simple, I will just give you the names of the equipment and their key functions here.

Here is the list

1. Transmission Equipment

Name of the equipment Brief function
Transmitter Takes your broadcast message from your studio room, encodes it as sine waves and transmits it as radio waves.
Receiver The receiver receives the broadcast message and decodes the radio sine waves (simply put, a radio set).

Antenna For sending radio signals. Required one each for transmission and receiving of radio waves.

Transmission lines Used to transfer radio signals from one location to another. (say from the studio to the location of transmitter)

Audio Processor Used to improve and optimize the quality of sound to be broadcast. These days this function is undertaken by inexpensive software programs.

Connectors For connecting various equipments to each other.
Interface panel remote control Interface panel is used to input broadcast data into transmitter (Basically an interface between studio and transmission site). Remote control is required to be able to feed those data from far off (say from your studio)
Cable For connecting equipments located at a distance from each other.
Equipment Rack For holding all equipments in a stable, secure and logical manner.
Power Protection equipments To supply power and protect the equipments from unwanted power fluctuations.
UPS For uninterrupted power supply.


2. Production & Studio Equipment

Name of the equipment Brief function
Microphone. For converting the sound waves into electrical energy.
Silent Microphone boom arms. For holding and moving the microphone across.
CD players Playing the music

Mixer Allows the jockey to control various aspects of radio broadcast
Amplifiers Low power signals to high power signals
Monitor Speakers. To monitor the quality of broadcast
Speaker Mounts To hold speakers
Computer automation software. They are used for wide variety of purposes and have replaced several functions previously managed by costly equipments
Rack Mount Holds all the equipments
Power Protection Units To supply power and protect the equipments from unwanted power fluctuations.


This is just an indicative list of equipment but it covers most of the things you will require to build a radio station.

Its now time you start taking quotes for each of these equipment from several vendors.